Below is a portion of the blog I found helpful in thinking thro.
Wes, I think McKnight's question from the passage below: "Who is wise?" represents the other side of the coin on which you asked the question: "Whose is it?" Thoughts?
"One of the major reasons I’ve been running through my occasional series on the book of Job is to explore the problem of suffering more carefully. Job, at least on the surface, doesn’t allow the usual platitudes to stand. Most evangelical responses to the question of pain and suffering sound more like Job’s friends than anything else. In his commentary Tremper Longman keeps coming back to a justification of suffering, including Job’s suffering, that is rooted in the Fall. But this has to be read into the book of Job. And … even if we go back to Genesis 3 as the root cause of suffering, this doesn’t really answer the question. Why did God allow the Fall? Why did God allow the serpent into the garden in the first place? Why was the serpent “evil”?
I expect to get some serious disagreement on this – but I don’t think that a Calvinist approach to Christian doctrine allows an acceptable answer to the question suffering. There must be a God-allowed element of freedom and openness in God’s good creation. Here is the real power of the book of Job as it seems to me, especially in the last section of the book when God speaks to Job (the series will continue as I have time to read and process the commentaries by Walton and Longman). The question is “who is wise?” and the answer is God. We rest in assurance of his wisdom and his justice whether we understand all the reasons or not."